What is Bokeh
Bokeh is one of the most popular parts of photography. The reason for its high popularity is because it makes photographs appealing like visually, which forces us to focus our attention on a focal area of an image. This word ‘Bokeh’ comes from the Japanese language which commonly means ‘blur.’
Moreover, bokeh is the quality of out of focus or the blurry part of the image which can be quickly rendered by a camera lens- it is not the blur itself or the amount of blur area in the background of a subject. The blur part that you are so used to see in a photograph which separates a question from experience is mainly the result of a ‘depth of a field’ and is commonly called as ‘background blur.’
The quality and feel of the foreground/background blur and reflected points of light, however, is what photographers call Bokeh.
Now here are some of the tips for having a maximum bokeh from your camera setup.
1) Use a large aperture
The first thing that should be to keep in mind is that a camera does not create bokeh- it is the lens and optics which are responsible for rendering out of focus areas. Moreover, the first thing that you should do is to set the aperture of the lens to its lesser value which is also known as ‘maximum aperture.’ You can do this easily by simply changing the mode of a camera to Aperture priority and set the number ‘f’ to the lowest value. Nikon D3400 is easy to use with a large aperture and best digital slr camera for beginners.
2) You have to minimize the distance between the subject and yourself.
The closer you stand to your subject, the more blur the background will get. This many of the times happen because when an object is very close, then at that time lens will focus more intimate and the depth of field will be the smallest at that time. It also works the same with our eyes as well. Lenses work exactly like in the same way, which is why subject distance plays a significant role in rendering the bokeh.
3) Endeavor to expand the separation between the background and your subject.
The bokeh will suffer if the subject which you are photographing is very close to a busy and noisy background. Always remember, that the depth of the field is not just a line after which everything is supposed to entirely out of focus- it transforms from sharp to out of focus. Moreover, to get the pleasant looking bokeh, you should try to put your subject far away from the background objects.
4) Use longer focal lengths
The distance between the camera and the subject should always remain the same which increases the focal length of the lens and decreases the depth of the field. So, if you are using a zoom lens, then you should zoom into the maximum focal length, and your lens will allow separating the subject from the background even more.
5) Use a long lens
As we already know, that increases the focal length means decreasing the depth of the field so the longer your lens will be the better is the bokeh effect you will get. Sometimes, rendering of out of focus areas also depends on the topics of the lens.
6) Use a fast lens
At last, use the lens which is fast as aperture impacts the depth of the field.